A minimum price contract allows a producer of agricultural products to determine the amount of product to be stored and the amount it must unload to make deliveries and obtain an acceptable price for its products. The Doha talks lasted more than a decade and continued, and the reasons for their failure are complex. Many of these problems were related to the two most powerful economies, the United States and the EU. They both opposed a reduction in agricultural subsidies, which would have resulted in lower food export prices than in many emerging economies. Low food prices would have taken many local farmers out of their operations. The refusal of the United States and the EU to cut subsidies, among others, condemned the Doha Round. Overall, the United States currently has 14 trade agreements with 20 different countries. A minimum price contract has a language that defines the details of delivery, including the exact quantity and quality of the product to be delivered, its minimum price and the delivery time of the underlying indicated. An advantage for the seller is that a minimum price contract usually sets a period during which the seller can choose to sell the product at a price above the minimum set to benefit from an increase in market prices. In this way, minimum price contracts are concluded with a provision similar to a selling option in other types of trade. While pricing usually means that sellers agree on the price, it may also include agreements between buyers to determine the price at which they will buy products. Definition: A futures contract is a contract between two parties, in which both parties agree to buy and sell a specified asset at a given time and at a predetermined price. Description: The payment and delivery of the asset is made on the date on which the delivery date is called the delivery date.
The buyer in the futures contract is known to maintain a long or simply long position. The seller in futures contracts must be short or simply short. The underlying asset in a futures contract could be commodities, equities, currencies, interest rates and bonds. The futures contract is held on a recognized exchange.